Stout is a dark beer made using roasted malt or roasted barley, hops, water and yeast. There are many variations which include Milk stout, Baltic porter and Imperial stout. A Dry stout is the most common variation, a Guiness Draught is an example of this and is the world’s best selling stout. Stout is a top-fermented beer.
In 1677 the first known document which used the word ‘stout’ was found in the Egerton Manuscripts, this explained that “stout beer” was a strong beer, not a dark beer.The name porter was used first in 1721 and described a dark brown beer made with roasted malts, brewers made these in a variety of strengths.Strong beers, 7% or 8% ABV were called “stout porters”, so the history and development of stout and porter are intertwined, with the term stout being known as dark beer, rather than just strong beer.