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Spanish Wine

Spanish Wine

Spain is one of the world’s biggest wine producing countries in the world, both in terms of domestic consumption and global export.  Here are some interesting facts about Spanish wines:

The three biggest crops in Spain are cereals, olives and grapes

    Out of all the world’s vineyards, 15.5% are found in Spain.  Hence, Spain is the country with the largest covering of vineyards globally.
    The yield of the vineyards is very low due to the dry climate.  Because of this, Spain is the third largest producing wine country in the world, after France and Italy.
    Almost all Spanish wines are red, yet 61.5% of the vineyards is white.  This is because the country produces not just wines, but also sherry and brandy.
    Tempranillo, Garnacha, Bobal and Monstrell are the biggest varieties of red grapes.
    Airen, Palomino, Macabeo and Pedro Ximenez are the biggest varieties of white grapes.
    In each of the 17 autonomous regions of Spain, you can find vineyards.  This includes wet Galician and the dry Murcia region.
    Castilla-La Mancha has the biggest surface area of vineyards in the country.
    La Rioja knows the most densely planted vineyards in the country.
    56.2% of all wines produced in Spain are known as quality wines.
    There are also 41 “wine from the land” areas.
    Of all the wine produced in Spain, around one third is exported, but this number is on the increases.
    The biggest importing countries of Spanish wine are the United Kingdom, Germany and the USA.

    The Most Famous Spanish Wines
    The most famous Spanish wines come from La Rioja, in the north of the country.  The Tempranillo grape, native to Spain, is most commonly used in this region.  Tempranillo is derived from the word temprano, which means early.  This is due to the fact that the grape ripens much earlier than most other types of grapes.  However, La Rioja also uses Graciano, Garnacha Tinta and Mazuelo grapes.

    Interestingly enough, the wine industry is bringing other boosters to the Spanish economy as well, mainly in the form of tourism.  Besides the fact that most tourists who come to Spain will drink inordinate amounts of Sangria, a red wine based drink, there are also various wine tours organised throughout the country, which are growing in popularity.  These tours include visits to various vineyards as well as many wine tasting events.  When this is added to the money the wine industry itself brings into the treasury, some would say that wine is actually the main economic driver behind the country as a whole.

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